Here are 7 Keys to motor. Buying a new car should make studying all the details and hit with an engine that fits your needs. There are petrol, diesel, atmospheric, supercharged and many horsepower, but what car engine choose?
These are the 7 Keys to choose motorcycler and not lose heartin the attempt. Car manufacturers do not stop working andresearch for increasingly efficient engines but notAll proposed solutions should fit within theirneeds.
Do not miss: '10new cars between 12,000 and 15,000 euros'
Buying a new car is one of the largest investmentsa person does in his life and that takes time and,way, thoroughly studied the market to decide which engineCar choice. As you can see in our recommenderwhat car I buy, there are cars for allpleasures.
Before you begin reading this report, I suggest you notget carried away only by aesthetics when buying acar. As a good friend said: "Today all cars aregood but some are better than others. " With these 7keys to choose engine, I am sure you will succeed.
- 1 The 10 best engines of 2016 by Ward's Auto (10)
- 2 1. gasoline or diesel?
- 3 BMW X1 gasoline-diesel (8)
- 4 2. What is that of 'downsizing'?
- 5 Mazda3 SportSedan 2014 (7)
- 6 3. The turbo engines do not always appeal to you
- 7 The top 5 cars with turbo petrol engines (5)
- 8 4. What types of supercharging there?
- 9 5. How cylinders are placed?
- 10 6. Better distribution chain
- 11 Ten cars with chain (10)
- 12 7. What power do I need?
The 10 best engines of 2016 by Ward's Auto (10)
BMW 340i: in its latest evolution, the 3.0 TwinPower Turbo delivers 326 hp and 450 Nm of torque.
Chevrolet Camaro V6 / Cadillac ATS: equipped with engine 3.6 V6 naturally aspirated 335 hp General Motos.
Chevrolet Volt: combustion engine 1.5-liter, electric motor and high-capacity batteries.
Ford Mustang GT350: 5.2 V8 engine naturally aspirated 525 hp and flat crankshaft.
Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Plug-In: gasoline engine 2.0 and an electric motor of 67 hp.
Nissan Maxima: 3.5 V6 engine with over 300 hp, a propellant is new at 61%.
Ram 1500 Ecodiesel: 3.0 V6 turbodiesel with 243 hp and 569 Nm of torque.
Subaru WRX: boxer engine four-cylinder 2.0 turbo, 271 hp and 350 Nm of torque.
Prius: combustion engine with four cylinders and 1.8 of two additional electric motors.
Volvo XC90 T5: powered inline four-cylinder 2.0 254 hp and 350 Nm of torque.
1. gasoline or diesel?
That's the first question that makes any buyer of acar. Generally, most people prefer a motorpowered by diesel fuel gasoline for allegedly economyuse but it is not always the case.
If you tend to make more than 20,000 kilometers a year, you wantbuy a diesel car. In a compact, a diesel engine100 HP usually has an average consumption of about 5.5 l / 100 km. Thismeans 100 kilometers will cost about 5.5euros.
BMW X1 gasoline-diesel (8)
The BMW X1 28i and 23d have few aesthetic differences
The X1 28i has a dual exhaust, 23d only carries a
Good ergonomics, the multifunction steering wheel is extra. The 28i can mount the new eight-speed automatic transmission
The height of the seats is standard, the electrical, is optional
The rear bench seat is mounted so that it provides a lot of freedom to head movements
The three independent backrests of the rear bench can extend the trunk gradually
With a twin-turbo, the most powerful version of the two-liter diesel offers 204 hp and 400 Nm of torque
Turbo four-cylinder, instead of atmospheric six-cylinder, give the X1 245 hp and a much better performance
They have greatly improved petrol consumption. More and moreefficient but still more thirsty than diesel. Agasoline equipped with the latest technology, you will spend some 6.5l / 100 km. That is, have a cost of about 7.15 euros for100 kilometers.
2. What is that of 'downsizing'?
In recent years it has become fashionable to useturbocharger to increase performance and, incidentally, theefficiency. The formula is simple: motor leastengine associated with a turbocharger. That is, before useduse a block of 2.0 liters for 130 hp.Now, that figure is achieved with only 1.6 liters. It is what iscalled 'downsizing'.
This has a positive side, in theory a low enginedisplacement, average consumption will be lower but usually thesepropellants are very sensitive to the type of riding you areapply.
Mazda3 SportSedan 2014 (7)
The flowing lines of the Mazda3 SportSedan also drink prototype Shinari.
Has lagged behind somewhat less personality, but remains attractive.
The dynamic qualities of the engine 150 hp 2.2 are bright.
The interior is beautifully finished: modern but without fanfare.
The cuentavueltas chairs the scorecard.
Here, the 'head up display' is especially useful for protectar speed.
Connectivity is another of the strengths of the Mazda3, with a new screen 7".
If you're going to make clear that relaxed driving andyou will not fully tighten the accelerator pedal at all times,you want to buy a small turbocharged engine. Mazda hasdistanced himself from this trend with its SkyActiv technology that usesat higher displacements. Proof of this is the Mazda3 that uses a gasoline engine 2.0 literwith only 120 hp. Yes, it promises an average consumption of just5.6 liters.
3. The turbo engines do not always appeal to you
The previous question has led us to this question: theturbo engines are better? It depends on the case. A motorSupercharged usually offers maximum torque (by denominate ofSomehow, strength) at lower revs. This meanswhich has a higher thrust and is able to recover better from thelower area of the counter.
This feature is evident when recovering: you go80 km / h behind a truck, circulate with the fifth speedstep on the throttle pedal. 175 Nm of torque1,400 laps of a Volkswagen Golf 1.2 TSI pushmore joy than 120 Nm at 6000 rpm of said Mazda3 2.0 SkyActiv. So to speaka clear way to achieve the same strength as Volkswagen, have to stretch the engineatmospheric to 6,000 rpm, that is, should be lowered tothird gear if you want to overtake the truck with verve.
The top 5 cars with turbo petrol engines (5)
The Bentley Continental GT Speed Convertible is not only very luxurious, also has a turbo engine with 635 hp.
The Bugatti Veyron W16 engine with its huge four turbcompresores and 1,001 CV could not miss in this list.
The McLaren P1 uses a block V8 biturbo with an electric drive. Does your maximum power? No less than 919 hp.
The Nissan GT-R Nismo has in its sights the Porsche 911 Turbo and 600 hp with him has nothing to fear.
The Porsche 911 Turbo S is a car that offers a devastating turbo engine with 560 hp that lets you have a rocket.
As a general rule, turbocharged engines have a functioningmore efficient but are not always more interesting. Specially inFor sports. Fans of cars highpower transmitting touch prefer a naturally aspirated engine:progressive, soft and full of character in the upper area ofRev counter. A naturally aspirated engine features more sensationssupercharged one.
Also, driving the limit of a propellant turbocomprimidoIt is more delicate for its strong power delivery.
4. What types of supercharging there?
Overfeeding is to introduce an extra amountof air into the cylinders for combustion moreefficient. We can distinguish two types of elements for this:
- Compressor. The best known are the Roots-type. It is aboutan element that rotates the blades through the forceIt produces the crankshaft. That is, usually connected to thiselement through a toothed belt.
- Turbocharging. This element, unlike the compressor,It is set in motion by the force producing gasesescape. It is not connected in any way with the engine mechanical. Byhigh efficiency, is the most widely used system in thepresent.
5. How cylinders are placed?
We are referring to the arrangement of the cylindersengines. That is how these elements are placed? and youadvance that no car is available with an engine of acylinder. Is the world of motorcycles if normal.
- Cylinder inline. It is the most common configuration. usuallycheaper to build and find that the maximum is sixinline. As is the case for many BMW.
- Cylinder V. From six-cylinder and highdisplacements, is the most commonly used solution. Usually operationbe very gentle and hardly presents interior inertia. there areV6, V8 (eight cylinders) and V12 (twelve). Also they have beenV16 engines manufactured huge.
- opposed cylinders or bóxer. The cylinders are facingeach. These blocks stand out for its low center of gravity andthe little space they occupy. These types of engines are veryused by Porsche and Subaru.
6. Better distribution chain
Try to buy the car you have always chaindistribution. This element is transmitting the force from theCrankshaft camshaft located in the cylinder head. The motive isVery simple: the timing chain is maintenance, it isYou may not have to touch anything in over 20 years and beltdistribution (rubber) you have to be replaced every fewtime or kilometers.
Ten cars with chain (10)
The Seat Ibiza 1.2 TSI gasoline powered with 105 hp also has distribution chain.
The BMW 118d with 143 hp diesel engine is one of the best selling models of BMW. Use chain.
A simple Citroen C1 engine uses 1.0 VTI chain. So does the Peugeot 108 and Toyota Aygo.
Dacia Sandero The TCe 90 is very cheap and, nevertheless, does not give up a distribution chain. Even better!
The Kia cee'd 1.6 CRDi diesel with 128 hp propeller uses the distribution chain. Certainly more reliability.
The Mercedes A 200 CDI is a bestseller and, of course, uses the distribution chain that saves moving.
Efficient Ford Fiesta 1.0 EcoBoost 100 hp has a free distribution chain maintenance.
Opel Zafira minivan with the diesel engine 136 hp 1.6 CDTI also uses chain.
Sports as 911 Carrera use chain. Spending less maintenance.
Mégane with the 1.6-liter diesel engine has chain. eye! The 1.5 dCi diesel leads strap.
Changing the timing belt is a simple jobbut rather laborious and, because it is done, it should changeAlso the water pump (especially if the car is a fewyears). In a stock car, changing the belt comes tocost about 500 euros.
7. What power do I need?
Need 400 hp to go grocery shopping? ACar Engine decide what to choose, it should be clear about the usewe're going to give our car. Every time driversThey apply for fewer benefits, often circulate about 120 km / h inhighway and therefore are not needed many horses.
A few years ago, in the segment saloons like the Mercedes E-Class, which was more estilabaV6 diesel engines of 250 hp. Today, with a Fourcylinder engine with 190 hp is more than enough to move a carthese dimensions. This table can help you to get an ideathe power you need:
Urban (Fiat 500): 70 CV
Utilitarian (Ford Fiesta): 100 hp
Compact (Renault Megane): 115 hp
midsize sedan (Volkswagen Passat): 150 hp
large saloon (BMWSeries 5): 190 hp
Luxury sedan (Mercedes Class S): 300 hp
compact MPV (Citroën C4 Picasso): 130 hp
Large MPV (Seat Alhambra): 160 hp
Compact SUV (Audi Q3): 140 hp
medium SUV (Mercedes GLC): 160 hp
Deportivo (Porsche Cayman): 300 hp